Francisco Pizarro landed in Ecuador in 1532, accompanied by 180 fully armed men, his mission was to find gold.
Several years earlier, Pizarro had made a peaceful visit to the coast, where he heard rumors in Colombia of El Dorado of inland cities which had incredible amounts of gold.
In celebration of his victory, Tupac Yupanqui ordered a great city to be built, Tomebamba, where is the present Cuenca, there he built a palace called Pumapungo over the ancient Cañari town.
Atahualpa had only recently won the war against his brother Huáscar when Pizarro arrived.
After years of fierce resistance, the Cañari succumbed to the Inca expansion, and were assimilated loosely under the Inca Empire.
The Inca were an advanced society which originated in Peru, and established a great empire within one century.
Ecuador can be split up into four parts, geographically; the Costa (coast), the Sierra (highlands), and El Oriente (the east; which includes the Amazonic region).
The Galápagos Islands, or Archipiélago" de Colón, also belong to Ecuador.