Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Sri Lanka may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
Sri Lanka has an authoritarian climate for sexual minorities.
Many account of the island's 'sinful' acceptance of homosexuality was written by Portuguese and Dutch invaders, characterizing the island's king as being frightening for allowing the act of sodmny on the island, and even accounting that the king himself partook in gay sex.
The islands two dominant religions, Hinduism and Buddhism, do not condemn homosexuality.
This may have been because of the political instability in the Government during the Civil War, or because of the taboo nature of the pandemic scaring off government officials.
තනි තටුවෙන් පියාඹන්න Flying with One Wing (2002) – Asoka Handagama wrote and directed this film about a Sri Lankan woman who passes for a man in the society and in her personal relationships.
Also සයපෙති කුසුම "Flower of Six Petals" is a movies about a homosexual relationship. For an example, අසම්මත පෙමක්-රතු තොල් "Red Lips" by A Jay can be considered as a pop song featuring this theme.
It was not until the early part of the twenty-first century that a national HIV/AIDS policy was developed in Sri Lanka.
As of 2017, a National AIDS Council has been established, the Government formally recognizes the United Nations World AIDS Day, more public education about the disease is available and efforts are being made to combat the prejudice people living with HIV/AIDS face in the workplace.