The university is also home to the University of Chicago Press, the largest university press in the United States.Founded in Hyde Park by the American Baptist Education Society with a donation from oil magnate John D.Rockefeller) had a relationship to the University of Chicago prior to 1890.The university's current mascot of a Phoenix rising from the ashes is a reference to the fire, foreclosure, and demolition of the original Bronzeville campus with the current Hyde Park campus emerging triumphantly in its place.Cobb who provided the funds for the campus' first building, Cobb Lecture Hall, and matched Marshall Field's pledge of 0,000.Other early benefactors included businessmen Charles L.
Founded in 1890, it holds top-ten positions in various national and international rankings.
The university currently enrolls 5,971 undergraduate students, and 16,016 students overall.
University of Chicago scholars have played a major role in the development of many academic disciplines, including: the Chicago school of economics; the Chicago school of sociology; law and economics theory in legal analysis; Chicago's research pursuits are aided through its operation of world-renowned institutions, including the nearby Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory, as well as the Marine Biological Laboratory.
In response, trustees further encumbered the land to fund the university's operations while funneling cash donations to a separate account for what is today the University of Chicago Divinity School (which temporarily moved to a separate campus in Morgan Park before rejoining the larger university in its current location in Hyde Park location in 1891).
The old Bronzeville campus left a deep and lasting legacy on the University of Chicago.